Silambam (Tamil: சிலம்பம் ) is a traditional Tamilan martial art based on stick fighting. This style supposedly originates from the Kurinji Hills in present day Tamil Nadu 10,000 years ago, where natives used bamboo staves to defend themselves against wild animals. As per Sangam literature, the Kurinji Hills was one of the five
physiographic divisions within Tamilakam, which became known as Kerala. The kuravar of the Kurinji Hills used a staff called Silambam as a weapon to defend themselves against wild animals, and also to display their skill during their religious festivals. The Hindu scholars and yogies who went to the Kurinji mountains to meditate got attracted by the display of this highly skilled spinning Silambam.
Indian martial arts have a rich heritage and tradition, highly acclaimed in India and abroad were quite varied in nature. Each region in India is unique in practicing martial arts in great vivacity and enthusiasm. A number of ancient Dravidian martial arts were originated in South India. In Tamil Nadu `kai por (Bare hand) is a special art of fighting with empty hands. Another famous art form, Varma Kalai or the art of vital points is also widely practiced. The most
important one of the martial art is Silambam and Kuthuvarisai (Empty Hand). A number of ancient Tamilan martial arts were developed in South India, including Kai por (empty hand combat), Varma Kalai (the art of vital points), Silambam (stick movements) , Kuthuvarisai, (attack and defend).Prana (life force), Nadi (meridians), Chakra (aura) and Marmam
(pressure points), were also present in Silambam. Kaaladi, or footwork patterns, are a fundamental aspect of silambam. Traditionally,beginners practice only kaaladi for many months before learning any techniques but this is not often done today. Training in kai por (Kuthu varisai) allows the practitioner to get a feel of silambam stick movements using their bare hands, that is, fighters have a preliminary training with bare hands before going to the stick.
There are sixteen of them among which four are very important. Traditionally,beginners practice only kaaladi for many months before learning any techniques but this is not often done today. Training in kai por vilaiyattu allows the practitioner to get a feel of silambam stick movements using their bare hands, that is, fighters have a preliminary training with bare hands before going to the stick.
VARIETY OF SILAMBAM
Silambam is an famous martial art in Tamil nadu, Silambam fight or stick fight. It is very crucial movement in this art. It should be various division in this art like touch point, self demonstration, group demonstration, fire demonstration, single stick fire demonstration, double stick fire demonstration, star fire demonstration, chine fire demonstration, chest fire demonstration, balance water (rathal demonstration), Paring: face to face demonstration, Small stick fight (kurun kambu fight or sedi kuchi), Vaal (Sword) and stick fight (pichuvakathi), maan kombu(maduvu) and stick fight, padai vichu(one man show with cover more person in attack that man.
Type of Silambam (Our Courses)
- Kuravanji Silambam
- Nagam pathinaru Silambam
- Kalla paththu Silambam
- Assu Kampu Silambam
- Thulukkaanam Silambam
- Kuthu varisai (Bare –Hand Fight)